Falkland Islands

Environment:

The Falklands (aka “Islas Malvinas”) are islands in the South Atlantic Ocean, east of southern Argentina, with a deeply indented coast providing good natural harbors, but has a short growing season. Overfishing by unlicensed vessels is a problem. Reindeer were introduced to the islands in 2001 for commercial reasons, and remain the only commercial reindeer herd in the world unaffected by the Chernobyl disaster. The Falkland Islands wolf (the only modern species in the genus Dusicyon), an endemic canid known as the “warrah”, was the only native land mammal in the Falkland Islands until it became extinct in 1876, and the first known canid to have gone extinct in historical times. (See Wikipedia Wildlife of the Falkland Islands.)

Falklands Conservation is a BirdLife International partner, representing the Falkland Islands, and a member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Culture:

Although first sighted by an English navigator in 1592, the first landing (English) did not occur until almost a century later in 1690, and the first settlement (French) was not established until 1764. The colony was turned over to Spain two years later and the islands have since been the subject of a territorial dispute, first between Britain and Spain, then between Britain and Argentina. The UK asserted its claim to the islands by establishing a naval garrison there in 1833. Argentina invaded the islands in April 1982. The British responded with an expeditionary force that landed seven weeks later and after fierce fighting forced Argentine surrender in June 1982.

References:

  • Falklands/Malvinas: a re-examination of the relationship between sacralisation and tourism development by ME Korstanje & BP George, 2012
  • Nature-based tourism: experiences at the Volunteer Point penguin colony in the Falkland Islands by HM Otley, 2005
  • Cold Water Tourism: The Falkland Islands by SA Royle, 2004
  • Falkland Islands cruise ship tourism: An overview of the 1999–2000 season and the way forward by RJ Ingham & D Summers, 2002
  • Falkland Islands: The Bradt Travel Guide by W Wagstaff, 2001
  • Tourism development under close control: the case of the Falkland Islands by M Riley, 1995
  • The impact of tourism on the Falklands environment and wildlife by IJ Strange, 1990