Guyana is the third-smallest country in South America, and substantial portions of its western and eastern territories are claimed by Venezuela and Suriname respectively. Environmental issues include deforestation, and water pollution from sewage, agricultural and industrial chemicals.
Guyana’s official Low Carbon Development Strategy sets out a development path based on deploying forests to mitigate climate change in return for payments. The Guyana Forestry Commission, Environmental Protection Agency, and National Parks Commission fall under the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment.
The international NGO Conservation International maintains a branch in Guyana. The Guyana Marine Turtle Conservation Society is a local NGO established in 2000 to monitor and educate about the seaturtles of Shell Beach. Kaieteur National Park is located in the Potaro-Siparuni Region of Guyana. Guyana Botanical Gardens is located on the former grounds of Plantation Vlissengen in Georgetown. There is also a nearby Guyana Zoological Park.
Guyana is home to a number of indigenous peoples, including the Carib-speaking Wai-wai people. The Dutch originally colonized Guyana in the 17th century; but, by the early 19th century to British had taken over. The abolition of slavery led to black settlement of urban areas, and the importation of indentured servants from India to work the sugar plantations. This ethnocultural divide has persisted and has led to turbulent politics. Guyana achieved independence from Britain in the 1960s.
The National Trust of Guyana lists monuments and heritage sites. Guyana has submitted 5 sites to the Tentative Lists of World Heritage, including St. Georges Anglican Cathedral, Fort Zeelandia (including Court of Policy Building), Georgetown City Hall, Shell Beach (Almond Beach) Essequibo Coast, and Georgetown’s Plantation Structure and Historic Buildings. Jonestown was the informal name for the Peoples Temple Agricultural Project, an intentional community in northwestern Guyana formed by the Peoples Temple led by Jim Jones.
- Sustainable tourism as a tool for conservation and protection of the Amazon rainforest in Guyana? by T Butts & T Sukhdeo-Singh, 2012
- Is the coexistence of logging and tourism practicable?: a case of an indigenous village community, Saint Cuthburt’s Mission in Guyana by Nobukiyo Eguchi, 2008
- Ecotourism and Institutional Structures: The Case of North Rupununi, Guyana by DC Funnell & PE Bynoe, 2007
- Who does care the preservation of nature?: a case study of tourism among the Arawaks of Santa Mission, Guyana by Nobukiyo Eguchi, 2007
- Ecotourism, institutions and livelihoods: a study of North Rupununi, Guyana by PE Bynoe, 2005
- The use of biodiversity data in developing Kaieteur National Park, Guyana, for ecotourism and conservation by CL Kelloff, 2003
- National Plan for Ecotourism Development in Guyana by D Andersen, 1998
- The Development of Ecotourism in Guyana: Issues and Approaches by MAE Enniss-Trotman, 1997
- The Effects of tourism on a third world country: A Case Study-Guyana by M Edwards, 1997
- Kaieteur National Park: a springboard for nature tourism in Guyana by DL Anderson, 1996
- Ecotourism in Guyana: Implications for Sustainable Development by G Ganga, 1994
- The sociopolitical implications of tourism development in Guyana by F Brotherson Jr, DJ Gayle & JN Goodrich, 1993