Saint Kitts and Nevis

Environment:

Saint Kitts and Nevis are two Caribbean islands, between Puerto Rico and Trinidad and Tobago. They are volcanic with mountainous interiors, and lush, verdant rainforest. The highest point is Mount Liamuiga at 1,156 meters (3,792 feet). The surrounding area is protected as Mt. Liamuiga Central Range National Park. The Mount Liamuiga volcano hike is five hours of rough hiking from the trailhead. Nevis Peak is the highest point on Nevis, and is protected as national park. Although there are no official camp sites, camping is permitted on the empty beaches of both islands.

The new St. Marys Biosphere Reserve on Saint Kitts and Nevis, with its cloud forests, mangroves and coral reefs, is one of the first biosphere reserves in the Caribbean. Stretching south from the capital to The Narrows separating the islands, Southeast Peninsula National Park is home to the Great Salt Pond bird sanctuary. The Nevis Historical and Conservation Society maintains the Bio-diversity Nevis website. The Nevis Humane Society, Friends of the ARK, is a group of volunteers working to protect the animals of Nevis. Stolen from Paradise is a campaign to protect the wild Green Vervet monkeys of Saint Kitts and Nevis, originally transported with slaves from Africa. The St. Kitts Sea Turtle Monitoring Network is slated to build a new Sea Turtle Interpretive Center. On Nevis, near the village called Bath, is a large volcanic hot spring, used for healing and therapeutic bathing for centuries.

Jamie Sweeting, Vice President for Environmental Stewardship and Chief Environmental Officer at Royal Caribbean cruise line, has arranged to help sponsor Saint Kitts and Nevis for the new Global Sustainable Tourism Council Criteria for Destinations program. There are a number of rural heritage plantation inns available on the islands, such as the family run Hermitage Plantation Inn on Nevis and Ottley’s Plantation Inn at the foot of Mt. Liamuiga on St. Kitts. Poinciana Tours offers guided nature tours of Saint Kitts, and Sunrise Tours guides tours of Nevis. Plenty of under water adventures are available from Scuba Safaris Nevis, Pro Divers St Kitts and Dive St. Kitts.

Biosphere Reserves:

  • St. Marys Biosphere Reserve

IUCN Members:

Culture:

Saint Kitts was the first English colony in the Caribbean, settled in 1623, and called Saint Christopher. In the Kalinago Genocide of 1626, the native American inhabitants of Saint Kitts were wiped out at the place now known as Bloody Point. By 1776, the island had become the richest British colony in the Caribbean, per capita. As elsewhere in the British Empire, slavery was abolished in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 1834. In 1967, the islands became an Associated State of Britain, with full internal autonomy. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Today, citizenship in the country is available to investors via the official St. Kitts & Nevis Citizenship-by-Investment Program.

Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park is an official World Heritage site on St. Kitts. The St. Christopher National Trust is the heritage society for St. Kitts, and the Nevis Historical & Conservation Society for that island. One of the projects of the NHCS was developing the Upper Round Road Trail (URRT), with the assistance of the international NGO, Rare Conservation. The St. Kitts & Nevis Sugar Industry Diversification Foundation is involved in a number of tourism related projects. As of this writing, there is a major Agro-tourism Demonstration Farm Cooperation Project under construction at Sandy Point on Saint Kitts, with the assistance of the Taiwan International Cooperation and Development Fund.

St. Kitts Music Festival is a festival of popular music held annually in June. The St. Kitts & Nevis National Carnival is another popular annual event. An old sugar cane train, the St. Kitts Scenic Railway takes passengers on 18 miles of narrow gauge rail. The enterprising Khrystus Wallace dares to be different by offering Khrystus’ St. Kitts-Nevis Travel Bargain House, the US$500 St. Kitts – Nevis Vacation.

World heritage:

References:

  • Developing Sugar Heritage Tourism in St Kitts by R Dodds & L Jolliffe, 2012
  • Strengthening the St Kitts farmers cooperative’s capacity to deliver direct sales to the tourism sector by C Kelly, 2008
  • Macroeconomic Shocks and the Impact on Tourism in a Small Developing Country: The Case of St. Kitts and Nevis by CD Cannonier, 2004
  • Massive Tourism Project To Commence In St. Kitts by J Collins, 2001
  • The impact of decision making on tourism and the environment in St. Kitts by WR Gerdsen, 2000
  • The Impact and Sustainability of Tourism Development in St. Kitts and Nevis by BR Harris, 1997
  • Towards a sustainable ecotourism strategy for St. Kitts by EN Richardson, 1997
  • Tourism development and environment attitudes in St. Kitts: perceiving the nature of environmental degradation on the Southeast Peninsula by PI Williams, 1996
  • Tourism and the Environment: A Case Study of Frigate Bay, St. Kitts by EL Towle, 1985
  • Brimstone Hill’s Last Battle: Preservation and Tourism on St. Kitts’ Gibraltar of the West Indies by SG Pategas, 1983
  • Improving the tourism product of St. Kitts by C Jacobs, 1983
  • An Exploratory Study of Tourism Development and Environmental Planning in St. Kitts/Nevis, the Caribbean by JR Lewis, 1982