Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Environment:

Saint Pierre and Miquelon are islands at the entrance of Fortune Bay, 20 kilometers (12 miles) off the Burin Peninsula of Newfoundland (Canada), near the Grand Banks. The Saint Pierre and the Miquelon archipelago includes eight small islands. (See Wikipedia List of islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.) Vegetation is scanty on the islands, which are mostly barren rock. The highest point is Morne de la Grande Montagne at 240 meters (787 feet). Recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon could bring future development that would impact the environment.

Seals and other wildlife can be found in the Grand Barachois lagoon of Miquelon. Every spring, whales migrating to Greenland are visible off the coasts of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

Protected Areas:

  • Grand Barachois
  • Reserve de Blondin
  • Reserve du Cap aux Basques
  • Reserve du Cap aux Voleurs
  • Reserve du Cap
  • Reserve maritime du sud de Saint-Pierre

Culture:

First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France’s once vast North American possessions. It profited heavily from US Prohibition, which did not affect this area, part of France; and, today there are still good prices for wine and cigarettes. Saint Pierre and Miquelon is ideal for those interested in cultural heritage tourism, nature tourism, and the French language. There is a tourist office in Saint Pierre, Comité Régional du Tourisme. There is also a French language training institute available, the FrancoForum. In the summer tourist season, St. Pierre Tours operates ferry service to the islands from the small town of Fortune, Newfoundland.

References:

  • Benefits and costs of smallness and peripheral location in tourism: Saint-Pierre et Miquelon (France) by DJ Timothy, 2001
  • Le Tourisme dans l’archipel de Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon by S Paoli, 1982