Argentina is the second-largest country in South America (after Brazil). Cerro Aconcagua is South America’s tallest mountain, while Laguna del Carbon is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere. Environmental problems, both urban and rural, are typical of an industrializing economy such as deforestation, soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution. Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets.

The Conservation Land Trust has projects in both Argentina and Chile. The Rainforest Alliance Eco-Index currently lists 70 projects in Argentina. The Argentinian website (Información sobre Capacitación en Turismo Aventura en el Mundo) lists outdoor training information for Argentina. There is also an “Argentine school of adventure”, Escuela Argentina de Aventura. The Argentine ecotourism foundation is at Fundación Ecoturismo Argentina. AAETAV (Asociacion Argentina de Ecoturismo y Turismo Aventura) is the Argentine ecotourism and adventure tourism association. Nature Style is a Buenos Aires based incoming tour operator. Argentina has the largest whale watching industry in Latin America, primarily off the wild, rugged Peninsula Valdés.

Biosphere reserves:

  • San Guillermo 1980
  • Laguna Blanca 1982
  • Costero del Sur 1984
  • Ñacuñán 1986
  • Pozuelos 1990
  • Yabotí 1995
  • Mar Chiquita 1996
  • Delta del Paraná 2000
  • Riacho Teuquito 2000
  • Laguna Oca del Río Paraguay 2001
  • Las Yungas 2002

IUCN members:


Following independence from Spain in 1816, Argentina experienced periods of internal political conflict between conservatives and liberals and between civilian and military factions. After World War II, a long period of Peronist authoritarian rule and interference in subsequent governments was followed by a military junta that took power in 1976. Democracy returned in 1983, and numerous elections since then have underscored Argentina’s progress in democratic consolidation.

The Argentinian website Noticias de Antropología y Arqueología is a good source on indigenous tourism issues. Qhapaq Ñan refers to the Inca road system stretching along the Andes into Argentina, in preparation for World Heritage. The Argentine rural tourism network is called RATUR (Red Argentina de Turismo Rural), for farmstays on Estancias. Hostelling International Argentina is a good point of contact for affordable accommodations nationwide.

World Heritage:

  • Los Glaciares (1981)
  • Jesuit Missions of the Guaranis: San Ignacio Mini, Santa Ana, Nuestra Señora de Loreto and Santa Maria Mayor (Argentina), Ruins of Sao Miguel das Missoes (Brazil) (1983, 1984) *
  • Iguazu National Park (1984)
  • Cueva de las Manos, Río Pinturas (1999)
  • Península Valdés (1999)
  • Ischigualasto / Talampaya Natural Parks (2000)
  • Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba (2000)
  • Quebrada de Humahuaca (2003)

ICCROM members:


  • Around National Parks: first experiences of a centralized national tourism policy in Argentina (1934-1950) by M Piglia, 2012
  • Cultural Heritage: World Heritage Sites and Responsible Tourism in Argentina by AL Lara, A Gemelli, 2012
  • Essay on paired spatial dialectics for the analysis of territorial changes related to tourism in Cholila, Argentina by LA Feü, 2012
  • Heritage tourism in the Castro Barros Department La Rioja-Argentina by MB Farías, AE Puente, S Sánchez, 2012
  • Penal tourism and the ‘dream of order’: Exhibiting early penology in Argentina and Australia by M Welch, 2012
  • Possible tourism indicators for the argentinian macroprudential authority by PM Herrera, ME Masci, 2012
  • Representations, tourism and state. Images and discourses around cultural landscapes of Mendoza (Argentina) by C Raffa, G Pastor, 2012
  • Response of southern right whales to simulated swim-with-whale tourism at Península Valdés, Argentina by D Lundquist, M Sironi, B Würsig, 2012
  • Tourism and shorebirds in southern Patagonia (Santa Cruz, Argentina): guidelines to minimize human disturbance and order activity by S Ferrari, C Albrieu, J Bernardos, 2012
  • Tourism in Northeastern Argentina: The Intersections of Human and Indigenous Rights with the Environment (review) by JL Scarpaci, 2012
  • Urban tourism-metropolitan and urban spatial configuration. Analysis of urban focal Bahia Blanca (Argentina) by CA Pinassi, PS Ercolani, 2012
  • Why Material Incentive Programs Does Not Work?: a case study in Tourism Field in Buenos Aires, Argentina by ME Korstanje, 2012
  • “What the people need”. Social tourism and peronism. Argentine, 1945-1955 by M Pedetta, E Pastoriza, 2011
  • Anthropological Roots Of Rural Development: A Culinary Tourism Case Study In Argentina by RG Schlüter, S Volo, L Osti, O Maurer, 2011
  • Education, research and development issues in tourism for Argentina by M Korstanje, 2011
  • Intelligence Planning and Tourism. Perspective and the Observatories OIDTe EIDT, TAG Team Territorios Posibles. Cases in Argentina and Uruguay by G Fabricio, 2011
  • Mountain tourism destination with amenity migration. Implications on local development-the case of Caviahue, Argentina by L Sánchez, R González, 2011
  • Penal tourism in Argentina: Bridging Foucauldian and neo-Durkheimian perspectives by M Welch, M Macuare, 2011
  • Territory, tourism and sustainable development in the Quebrada de Humahuaca, Argentina. Landscape and nature on available for the tourism industry by L Salleras, 2011
  • The awakening of tourism: the origins of tourism policy in Argentina, 1930–1943 by M Piglia, 2011
  • Tourism Planning and Protected Areas in Argentina by C Rolón, C Morales, 2011
  • Tourism and thermal resources: the case of the thermal park installment at Victoria City, Entre Rios, Argentina by JP Carreras, 2011
  • Tourism enterprises and their effects: the case of the hotel and casino in Victoria, Entre Ríos, Argentina by J Piñeiro Carreras, 2011
  • Tourism in Northeastern Argentina: The Intersection of Human and Indigenous Rights with the Environment by JL Roberg, P Seymoure, 2011
  • Tourism indicators in Argentina. A first approach by D César Sánchez, 2011
  • Cultural heritage as a complementary offering to the sun and beach tourism. The case of the southeast of Buenos Aires, Argentina by G Fernández, AG Ramos, 2010
  • Ecomuseum of Heritage Mining-Industrial in Argentine: Proposal to Preserve the Heritage and to Promote the Tourism by R Castronovo, G Fernández, 2010
  • Feminity At The Beach–Issues On Fashion, Gender And Tourism In Argentina by R Schlüter, 2010
  • The extent of tourism and recreational activities on the natural areas of the Hinterland of Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina by PA Mosti, 2010
  • Tourism in peripheral territories? Some reflections about a case study in The Lavalle Desert, Argentina by GC Pastor, LM Torres, 2010
  • Tourism, territory and landscape along the coast of the Buenos Aires Province (Argentina): 1920-1940 by PA Bruno, AD Lemme, 2010
  • Tourism, transnationality and ethnolinguistic vitality: the Welsh in the Chubut Province, Argentina by I Johnson, 2010
  • Constructing Indigeneity in Argentina: At the Crossroads of Mountaineering, Tourism, and Re-Ethnification by J Logan, 2009
  • Limitations of the Air Transport to Tourism Development Analysis of the Argentine Domestic Case by N Wallingre, 2009
  • Teaching philosophy to tourism and hospitality students in Argentina by M Korstanje, 2009
  • The use of wild fauna for the promotion of ecotourism activities: the case of the Andean condor (Vultur gryphus) in the Río Turbio coal basin [Argentina] by S Ferrari, M MacNamara, C Albrieu, R Asueta, 2009
  • Behavioural responses of southern right whales to simulated swim-with-whale tourism at Peninsula Valdes, Argentina by D Lundquist, M Sironi, B Würsig, 2008
  • Changes in the movement patterns of southern right whales in response to simulated swim-with-whale tourism at Península Valdés, Argentina by D Lundquist, M Sironi, B Wursig, V Rowntree, 2008
  • Education issues in tourism: an analysis of student’s expectatives in Argentina by M Korstanje, 2008
  • Estancias of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina: Rural Heritage, Sustainable Development and Tourism by J Morosi, B Amarilla, A Conti, 2008
  • Gastronomy and tourism in Argentina: Tomás Jofré gastronomic polo by RG Schlüter, D Thiel Ellul, 2008
  • Mystic esoteric tourism in Uritorco Zone (Cordoba, Argentina): ethnographical approach by A Otamendi, 2008
  • The roll the licenciado in tourism in Argentina. Case: National University of Mar del Plata by MM Asensio, 2008
  • Avian responses to tourism in the biogeographically isolated high Córdoba Mountains, Argentina by L Heil, E Fernández, 2007
  • Evolution of the Antarctic cruise tourism through Ushuaia, Argentina: 50 years as a maritime gateway to the Antarctic continent by J Marie, 2007
  • Ethnic Groups And Tourism–Social Influence Of Tourist Growth On The Mapuce Population Of South Argentina by HK Radovic, AO Balasote, M Stojicic, 2006
  • The importance of the studies of landscape for the arrangement and planning of the tourism: study of case in Argentina by G Fernández, AG Ramos, 2006
  • Health tourism: A healthy policy in Argentina by F Miranda, 2005
  • The industrial-mining patrimony as source for cultural tourism: the case of a mining village in Argentina by G Fernández, A Guzmán Ramos, 2004
  • Tourism as a Factor for Local Productive Restructuring in the City of Ushuaia, Argentina by N Wallingre, 2004
  • Tourism policies and Peronism. The tourist attractions promoted in Vision of Argentina (1950) by C Troncoso, C Lois, 2004
  • A proposal for the development of tourism in the forested landscapes of Tierra del Fuego, Patagonia, Argentina by FA Carabelli, 2001
  • Archaeology, management and potential cultural tourism in Andean Argentina (South America): The case of Quebrada de Humahuaca by MIH Llosas, 2001
  • The Impact of Tourism on the Patagonian Coast, Argentina by R Schliiter, 2001
  • Tourism and recreation at seabird breeding sites in Patagonia, Argentina: current concerns and future prospects by P Yorio, E Frere, P Gandini, 2001
  • The Early Conservation Movement in Argentina and the National Park Service: A Brief History of Conservation, Development, Tourism and Sovereignty by A Oyola, 1999
  • Tourism and world peace: The case of Argentina by T Var, R Schlüter, P Ankomah, TH Lee, 1989
  • Fifth International Seminar on Natural Areas and Tourism, held in the Province of Chubut, Argentina, 21 October–10 November, 1978 by N Polunin, 1979

Argentina Data