Bolivia is a landlocked country, and shares control of Lago Titicaca, world’s highest navigable lake, with Peru. The clearing of land for agricultural purposes and the international demand for tropical timber are contributing to deforestation. Other environmental issues include soil erosion from overgrazing and poor cultivation methods, including slash-and-burn agriculture, desertification, loss of biodiversity, and industrial pollution of water supplies used for drinking and irrigation.

REDESMA (Red De Desarrollo Sostenible Y Medio Ambiente) is the Bolivian sustainable development and environment network. The international NGO, Conservation International, maintains a local presence as Conservacion Internacional Bolivia. The Rainforest Alliance Eco-Index currently lists 77 projects in Bolivia. Bird Bolivia is an agency specialized in Bolivian bird watching tours. Madidi Travel resulted from conservation work done through Eco Bolivia Foundation in the Madidi Mosaic (Madidi National Park), the largest and, biologically and culturally, the most diverse protected area in the world. (See Wikipedia List of national parks of Bolivia.) The second highest peak in Bolivia (after Nevado Sajama) Illimani (from the indigenous Aimara language, meaning “golden eagle”) is the highest mountain in the Cordillera Real subrange of the Andes of western Bolivia, and lies just south of La Paz at the eastern edge of the Altiplano. (See Wikipedia List of volcanoes in Bolivia.) Bolivian Mountains specializes in high altitude, mountaineering, climbing and trekking expeditions in the Cordillera Real de los Andes.

Biosphere reserves:

  • Pilón-Lajas 1977
  • Ulla Ulla 1977
  • Beni 1986

IUCN members:


Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and counter-coups. Comparatively democratic civilian rule was established in 1982, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and drug production. Current goals include attracting foreign investment, strengthening the educational system, resolving disputes with coca growers over Bolivia’s counterdrug efforts, and waging an anticorruption campaign.

Qhapaq Ñan (aka Ruta Inka) refers to the Inca road system stretching along the Andes through Bolivia, in preparation for World Heritage. CENDA (El Centro de Comunicación y Desarrollo Andino) is a Bolivian NGO that has had some involvement with community tourism development. Turismo Rural Bolivia is an online portal aggregating rural tourism information for Boliva. Ruta Verde is a Dutch tour and travel agency located in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, operating cultural tours, including the popular “Che Guevara Trail” (Ruta Del Che). Hostelling International Bolivia is a good point of contact for affordable accommodations nationwide.

World Heritage:

  • City of Potosi (1987)
  • Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos (1990)
  • Historic City of Sucre (1991)
  • Fuerte de Samaipata (1998)
  • Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture (2000)
  • Noel Kempff Mercado National Park (2000)

ICCROM members:


  • A (mis) guided adventure tourism experience: An autoethnographic analysis of mountaineering in Bolivia by S Houge Mackenzie, JH Kerr, 2012
  • Archaeological Ruins: Spaces Of The Past, Expectations Of The Future. Tourism And Heritage In Nor Lípez (Dpt. Of Potosí, Bolivia) by FMG García, 2011
  • Strategies for the development of sustainable tourism in the Amazon rainforest of Bolivia by SL Cortez, 2010
  • Pinami Open Air Museum: A Hidden Gem in the Cochabamba Valley, by D Rudloff, J Gouin, 2009
  • The Use Of GIS For The Protection Of World Heritage: A case Study in Chiquitos Region, Bolivia by DIFHR Schütt, PE Finot, 2005
  • Can Bolivia Achieve Its Sustainable Tourism Plan?-Case and Teaching Note by M Casado, 2004
  • Analysis of Ecotourism: The Municipal Reserve “Curichi Cuajo” Buena Vista, Bolivia by SG Fox, 2002
  • The contribution of tourism to economic development in developing countries: the inbound tourism market in Bolivia by SP Pérez, 1998
  • To Ecotour or Not to Ecotour: Unpacking the Impacts and Business Realities of Tourism Development in Sana and Tariquia Reserves of Tarija, Bolivia by K Barker, 1996
  • Rucksacks and dollars: the economic impact of organized and non-organized tourism in Bolivia by WG Meijer, 1989
  • Sustainable planning and design for ecotourism: Ecotecture embraced by the essence of nature on Amboro National Park, Santa Cruz-Bolivia by CP Gil, 1985
  • Tourism in Bolivia: a potential, but there are obstacles by M Piraux, 1983

Bolivia Data