Equatorial Guinea


Equatorial Guinea consists of coastal plains that rise to hills in the interior, with volcanic islands. The highest point is Pico Basile at 3,008 meters, on Bioko island. Nearby, Santa Isabel (3,007 meters) is the country’s only historically active volcano, which last erupted in 1923.

Weather in Equatorial Guinea is tropical, always hot and humid. There can be violent windstorms, and flash flooding. Tap water in Equatorial Guinea is known to be non-potable. Deforestation is the major environment issue. Equatorial Guinea is a signatory to the Congo Basin Forest Partnership, under which Monte Alen National Park receives additional protection. The Bioko Biodiversity Protection Program is a partnership between Drexel University in Philadelphia and the Universidad Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial, in Malabo, focused on Bioko island wildlife protection. For instance, monkey hunting for bushmeat is still a thriving business on Bioko island.

Equatorial Guinea has 16 natural protected areas, including 6 natural reserves, 3 national parks, 2 natural monuments, 2 scientific reserves, and 3 Ramsar wetlands of international importance. National parks include Altos de Nsork National Park, in addition to Monte Alén National Park, and Pico Basilé National Park.


Equatorial Guinea only has two large cities, over 30,000 people, Bata on the mainland, and the capital Malabo on the island of Bioko. Small communities are scattered throughout the mainland and five inhabited islands. Equatorial Guinea gained independence in 1968 after 190 years of Spanish rule. Since 1979, it has been ruled by a dictator, Teodoro ObiangEquatorial Guinea has experienced rapid economic growth due to the discovery of large offshore oil reserves.


  • Conservation strategies for understanding and combating the primate bushmeat trade on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea – DT Cronin, PR Sesink Clee, MW Mitchell… – 2017
  • Assessing attitudes towards biodiversity conservation among citizens on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon – DB Meñe – 2016
  • Preliminary checklist and state of conservation of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea) of the Caldera de Lubá, Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea – I Martín – 2015
  • Impact of gun-hunting on monkey species and implications for primate conservation on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea – DT Cronin, C Riaco, JM Linder, RA Bergl… – 2016
  • Priority areas for large mammal conservation in Equatorial Guinea – M Murai, H Ruffler, A Berlemont, G Campbell, F Esono… – 2013
  • International Congress on promoting culture and tourism in Equatorial Guinea
    MAA Mitogo – 2012
  • Challenges confronting sea turtle conservation on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
    DB Fitzgerald, E Ordway, S Honarvar… – 2011
  • Opportunities Lost: The Rapidly Deteriorating Conservation Status Of The Monkeys On Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea – DT Cronin, DB Meñe, TB Butynski, JME Echube… – 2010
  • Prioritizing areas for conservation and vegetation restoration in post-agricultural landscapes: A Biosphere Reserve plan for Bioko, Equatorial Guinea – N Zafra-Calvo, R Cerro, T Fuller, JM Lobo… – 2010

Equatorial Guinea Data