Ghana is in West Africa, and consists of mostly low plains, with eroded plateau in south-central region. The highest point is Mount Afadjato at 885 meters. Natural hazards in Ghana include droughts, and the dry, dusty, northeastern harmattan winds, from January to March. The climate is tropical, warm and comparatively dry along the southeast coast, hot and humid in the southwest, and hot and dry in the north. 

Lake Volta is the world’s largest man-made lake by surface area. Akosombo Dam, built in 1965, holds back the White Volta and Black Volta rivers. (The Red Volta feeds into the White Volta.) Ghana’s environmental issues include recurrent drought in north, deforestation, overgrazing, soil erosion, poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations, water pollution, and inadequate supplies of potable water.

There are 322 protected areas listed for Ghana, including at least 7 national parks, 1 resource reserve, 5 game reserves, 294 forest reserves, 4 wildlife sanctuaries, 1 nature reserve, 6 wetlands of international importance, and 3 biosphere reserves. The Forestry Commission of Ghana is responsible for the regulation of utilization of forest and wildlife resources. The Ghana Wildlife Society is a prominent civil society organization.

National Parks:

Biosphere Reserves:

IUCN Members:


The population of Ghana is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentrations near the Atlantic coast. In 1957, Ghana became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence (in this case from the United Kingdom). Since 1992, democracy in Ghana has been functional.

Proof of yellow fever vaccination is required for travel to or from Ghana. The Ghana Tourism Authority operates the official website at Both the Tour Operators Union of Ghana and Tour Guides Association Of Ghana maintain active websites. Jolinaiko Eco Tours and Ghanaecotours are travel services offering custom itineraries. For grassroots volunteers, WWOOF Ghana networks opportunities with organic farmers.

Cultural World Heritage:


  • Differential Effects of Cognitive and Structural Social Capital on Empowerment in Two Community Ecotourism Projects in Ghana – AE Ramón-Hidalgo, RA Kozak… – 2018
  • Residents Views on Benefits and Costs of Ecotourism Projects: a Study of Bobiri Forest and Butterfly Sanctuary in Ghana. – GO Sarpong, B Blankson, CT Britwum – 2018
  • Authenticity and the Contradictions of the “ecotourism Script”: Global Marketing and Local Politics in Ghana – B Büscher, R van den Bremer, R Fletcher, S Koot – 2017
  • Benefits and Challenges of Community-based Ecotourism in Park-fringe Communities: the Case of Mesomagor of Kakum National Park, Ghana – I Mensah – 2017
  • Disentangling the Social Net: Examining the Links Between Social Capital, Empowerment and Social Difference in Two Ecotourism Villages in Ghana – R Hidalgo, A Elia – 2017
  • Ecotourism Implementation in the Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana: Administrative Framework and Local Community Experiences – R Thwaites, R Black, PB Cobbinah – 2017
  • Ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana: Local Politics, Practice and Outcome – PB Cobbinah, D Amenuvor, R Black… – 2017
  • Ecotourism Potential in Alleviating Rural Poverty: the Case of Kakum National Park in Ghana – R Obour, P Ankomah, T Larson – 2017
  • Sustainable Tourism Development in the Keta Lagoon Complex Ramsar Site, Ghana – RJ Brinks – 2017
  • The Socio-cultural Impact of Ecotourism on Park-adjacent Communities in Ghana – E Acquah, CA Nsor, EK Arthur, S Boadi – 2017
  • Towards Creating Sustainable Ecotourism Interventions: Practical Lessons From Mesomagoro, Ghana – KAA Boakye – 2017
  • Community Participation in Ecotourism Projects in Ghana: an Evaluation of Wechiau Hippo Sanctuary Project, Upper West Region. – E Amoako-Atta – 2016
  • Nature-based Tourism in Mole National Park, Ghana – E Acquah, P Dearden, R Rollins – 2016
  • Tour Guides and Ecotourism: the Mole National Park Experience in Ghana – KCJ Wuleka, OI Aalangdong, AP Paschal – 2016
  • An Examination of Ecotourism Development in Ghana: Case Study of the Kakum National Park – NASHA Constance, ASEK Bempong, T Yeboah – 2015
  • Cultural Tourism and Sustainable Development: a Case Study of the Avatimeamu (Rice) Festival in Volta Region, Ghana – F Bormann – 2015
  • Ecotourism Development in Ghana: a Postcolonial Analysis – G Eshun, E Tagoe-Darko – 2015
  • Ecotourism Implementation in the Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana: Administrative Framework and Local Community Experiences – PB Cobbinah, R Black, R Thwaites – 2015
  • Testing the Tourism Partnership Model; Testing Theory in a New Case; Sustainable Tourism in Wli Ghana – D Prince – 2015
  • Where Is Community Quality Well-being in Ecotourism Research in Africa? A Case From Ghana – G Eshun, P Wusu-Osei Adjei, A Baah – 2015
  • Assessing Public Perception of Beach Quality for Ecotourism Development: a Case Study in Kokrobite Beach in the Greater Accra Region, Ghana. – M Mensah, BY Fosu-Mensah… – 2014
  • Community-based Ecotourism: Its Socio-economic Impacts at Boabeng-fiema Monkey Sanctuary, Ghana – G Eshun, JNP Tonto – 2014
  • Sustainable Capacity Building on Tourism Management of Touristic Destinations in Ghana: the Case of James and Ussher Forts in the Accra Metropolis – F Gibson – 2014
  • The Prospects of Ecotourism as a Conservation and Development Tool in Bobiri Butterfly Sanctuary in Ghana – G Eshun, F Frempong, P Osei-Wusu Adjei – 2014
  • Towards the Dual Mandate of Ecotourism in Africa-comparative Evidence From Ghana – G Eshun – 2014
  • Who Benefits From Community-based Ecotourism Development? Insights From Tafi Atome, Ghana – EA Afenyo, FE Amuquandoh – 2014
  • Application of Earth Observation Technology to Site Selection and Development of Ecotourism Management Plans in Rural Ghana – SK Adanu, FK Mensah, SK Adanu… – 2013
  • Assessing Community Participation in Selected Ecotourism Projects in the Brong-ahafo Region, Ghana – Y Thomas – 2013
  • Community Participation in Ecotourism: the Case of Bobiri Forest Reserve and Butterfly Sanctuary in Ashanti Region of Ghana – I Mensah, A Ernest – 2013
  • Ecotourism Development in Ghana: a Case of Selected Communities in the Brong-ahafo Region – Y Thomas – 2013
  • Ecotourism Potentials of Xavi Bird Watching Sanctuary in Akatsi District of Ghana – CJW Kuuder, GA Doe, EK Yirbekyaa – 2013
  • Environmental Issues of Lake Bosomtwe Impact Crater in Ghana (West Africa) and Its Impact on Ecotourism Potential – DO Anim, Y Li, AK Agadzi, PN Nkrumah – 2013
  • Human-wildlife Interactions, Nature-based Tourism, and Protected Areas Management: the Case of Mole National Park and the Adjacent Communities in Ghana – E Acquah – 2013
  • Livelihood Enhancement Through Ecotourism; a Case of Mognoriecovillage Near Mole National Park, Damongo, Ghana – CJ Kuuder, E Bagson… – 2013
  • Perceptions of the Impacts of Nature Conservation and Ecotourism Management: a Case Study in the Kakum Conservation Area of Ghana – R Fiagbomeh – 2013

Ghana Data