Guinea is in West Africa, and generally consists of flat coastal plain, with hilly to mountainous interior. The highest point is Mont Nimba at 1,752 meters. The Niger River and its important tributary the Milo River have their sources in the Guinea Highlands. The climate of Guinea is generally hot and humid. It has a monsoonal-type rainy season (June to November), and a dry season (December to May) with northeasterly harmattan winds. The hot, dry, dusty harmattan haze may reduce visibility during dry season.
Environmental issues in Guinea include deforestation, inadequate potable water, desertification, soil contamination and erosion, overfishing (due to overpopulation in forest region), poor mining practices leading to environmental damage, water pollution, and improper waste disposal. There are 125 protected areas listed for Guinea, including 3 national parks, 1 “not reported”, 98 classified forests, 1 faunal reserve, 1 nature reserve, 16 wetlands of international importance, 4 biosphere reserves, and 1 natural world heritage site. In 1997, the Primate Research Institute of Kyoto University launched the Green Corridor Project with the goal of re-establishing a flow of migration between the Bossou chimpanzee community and the neighbouring forests of the Nimba Mountains.
The Guinean national directorate of water and forests (Ministère de l’Environnement, des Eaux et Forêts) is a department of the ministry of the environment, in charge of conservation and sustainable development, as well as hunting, fishing, parks and nature reserves. Synergies & Développement (SYDEV) is a prominent civil society organisation, and member of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) for Guinea. Guinea has a green party on record as “Parti des Ecologistes Guineens”.
The interior of Guinea is sparsely populated, and the areas of highest population density are in the west and south. Guinea gained its independence from France in 1958. Since 2010, Guinea is on track towards functional democracy.
Guinea has three sites listed for tentative world heritage, the vernacular architecture and Mandingo cultural landscape of Gberedou / Hamana, the cultural landscape of Nimba mountains, and African slave route at Timbo on the Rio Pongo. In 2015, Guinea was declared free of Ebola transmission by the World Health Organization; however, the 2013 epidemic had significant impact on tourism to Guinea. The World Tourism Organization lists ontguinee.free.fr as the official website of the national tourist office of Guinea.
Tentative World Heritage:
- Architecture vernaculaire et paysage culturel mandingue du Gberedou/Hamana (2001)
- Paysage culturel des monts Nimba (2001)
- Route de l’esclave en Afrique segment de Timbo au Rio Pongo (2001)
- Beyond Ebola: fundraising and the impact of Ebola on music and dance tourism in Guinea – JB Morford – 2017