Mauritius is the main island, from which the country derives its name. It is of volcanic origin, and almost entirely surrounded by coral reefs. Mauritius has a small coastal plain rising to mountains, encircling a central plateau. The highest point is Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire at 828 meters.
The climate of Mauritius is tropical, but modified by southeast trade winds. It is warm and dry in winter (May to November), and hot, wet, and humid in summer (November to May). Natural hazards may include cyclones, from November to April. Environmental issues include water pollution, and the degradation of coral reefs. Mauritius is perhaps best known as the former home of the dodo, a large flightless bird, driven to extinction by hunting and the introduction of predatory species.
There are 44 protected areas listed for Mauritius, including 2 national parks, 2 marine parks, 18 nature reserves, 6 fishing reserves, 8 islet national parks, 1 ancient monument, 1 endemic garden, 2 turtle reserves, 1 biosphere reserve, and 3 wetlands of international importance. The 8 “islet national parks” form Islets National Park. The “ancient monument” is Île de la Passe, site of a naval battle between the French and the British. The “endemic garden” is the botanical garden, Vallée d’Osterlog.
Mauritian members of the International Union for Conservation of Nature include the Ministry of Agro Industry and Food Security, the Environmental Protection & Conservation Organisation, and the Mauritian Wildlife Foundation. The Mauritius Marine Conservation Society is another civil society organisation concerned with the environment. The green party of Mauritius is known as Les Verts Fraternels.
The population density of Mauritius is one of the highest in the world. Lesser known Rodrigues island accounts for a little over 3% percent of the population of the country of Mauritius. Known to Arab and Malay sailors from the 10th century, Mauritius was explored by the Portuguese in the 16th century, and settled by the Dutch in the 17th century. The French assumed control in the 18th century. And, the British captured the island from the French in the 19th century, during the Napoleonic Wars. Mauritius gained independence from Britain in 1968.
Under the Ministry of Arts and Culture, Le Morne Heritage Trust Fund supports the “Le Morne Cultural Landscape” cultural world heritage site. The Mauritian Ministry of Tourism maintains a website at tourism.govmu.org. Operating under the Ministry of Tourism, the Mauritius Tourism Authority has a website at tourismauthority.mu. The Mauritius Tourism Promotion Authority operates the website tourism-mauritius.mu. Rodrigues island has its own “Tourism Rodrigues” website at tourism-rodrigues.mu. Adventurer Alex Jahp maintains an independent website dedicated to hiking and biking in Mauritius at exploremauritius.org.
Cultural World Heritage:
- Does tourism-led growth hypothesis exist in Mauritius? Evidence from disaggregated tourism markets – SA Solarin – 2018
- An Analysis of Tourism Trends in Mauritius – K Jaufeerally, J Carlsen – 2017
- An Assessment of the Socio-Economic Impact of Medical Tourism on the Mauritian Community – A Gopaul – 2017
- Grey-based model for forecasting Mauritius international tourism from different regions – M Pirthee – 2017
- Implications of tourism development on islets: Ilot Bernaches, Mauritius, as a destination management case study – VG Gowreesunkar, MA Naqvi, H Séraphin – 2017
- Residents’ perceptions of sustainable tourism in Mauritius – B Jugurnath, R Bissessur… – 2017
- The Contributions of Enclave Tourism to Community Wellbeing in Mauritius: Host Community Perspective – P Naidoo, P Pearce, R Sharpley – 2017
- Local perceptions of the relative contributions of enclave tourism and agritourism to community well-being: The case of Mauritius – P Naidoo, R Sharpley – 2016
- Perceptions of climate change and climate change policies within the tourism sector in Mauritius – L Dhoomun – 2016
- They are stealing my island’: Residents’ opinions on foreign investment in the residential tourism industry in Tamarin, Mauritius – T Wortman, R Donaldson… – 2016
- Tourism and its relationship to community development in Chamarel, Mauritius – DZL Prang – 2016
- Travelling the Mascarenes: Creoleness in Tourism Policies and Practices on La Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues – C Wergin – 2016
- A Comparison of the ANFIS Model with SARIMA for the Forecasting of Inbound Tourism Demand for Mauritius – A Gopaul, J Cheeneebash – 2015
- A Study on the Impacts of Dolphin Watching as a Tourism Activity: Western Mauritius as Case Study – G Gaitree, R Ian – 2015
- Marketing promotion financing and tourism development: The case of Mauritius – B Seetanah, RV Sannassee – 2015
- Mauritian Tourism Stakeholders to the Conquest of the Global South – H Pébarthe-Désiré – 2015
- Prospects and challenges of business tourism: A case of mauritius – V Seebaluck, P Naidoo, P Ramseook Munhurrun – 2015
- The impact of relative prices on tourism demand for Mauritius: An empirical analysis – B Seetanah, R Sannassee, S Rojid – 2015
- The influence of trust on repeat tourism: The Mauritian case study – RV Sannassee, B Seetanah – 2015
- Analyzing Sustainable Tourism Practices for the Hotel Industry of Mauritius – DRR Nunkoo, MSS Pudaruth… – 2014
- FDI in Tourism and Economic Growth in Mauritius. Evidence from a Dynamic Framework. – S Fauzel, B Seetanah… – 2014
- Some Legislations to Health and Safety Measures in the Context of Sexual Offences & HIV/AIDS to Improve Tourism in First Class Tourist Destinations The Mauritian Case Study – MSV Uppiah – 2014
- The legal implications for Mauritius to develop the medical tourism sector. – MV Uppiah, RP Gunputh – 2014
- The Role of Entertainment in Tourism: Mauritius as a Case Study – DRVGB Gowreesunkar… – 2014
- Entrepreneurship in the tourism sector: A comparative approach of Haiti, coastal Kenya and Mauritius – H Séraphin, C Butler, GGB Vanessa – 2013
- Island for sale? An explorative research into foreign investment in the (residential) tourism industry of Mauritius – T Wortman – 2013