Paraguay is a landlocked country, lying between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. Environmental issues include deforestation, water pollution, inadequate means for waste disposal presenting health risks for many urban residents, and loss of wetlands.

There is a branch of the international NGO WWF-Paraguay active in Paraguay. There are three main areas of national parks in Paraguay: Cerro Cora National Park, Nacunday National Park, and National Parks in the Chaco, Paraguay. Senatur, Paraguay’s Secretaria Nacional de Turismo, maintains a website section covering Eco-Tourism and Protected Areas.

Biosphere reserves:

  • Bosque Mbaracayú 2000

IUCN members:


In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70), Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.

World heritage:

  • Jesuit Missions of La Santisima Trinidad de Parana and Jesus de Tavarangue (1993)

ICCROM members:


  • Poverty alleviation through tourism: a case study from Paraguay by D Peak, 2008
  • Economic Development and Ecotourism in the Ybyturuzu Reserve of Paraguay by M Gillette, 2006

Paraguay Data